The Mammoth Tree Grove Calaveras County, California. And its avenues. Typographical work by Agnew & Deffebach, San Francisco. Consisting of title page & 12 plates with 25 engravings. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1862 by Edward Vischer in the Clerk's Office of the U. S. District Court for the Northern District of Cal. L. Nagel, Print. C. C. Kuchel, Lith. Drawn and published by Edward Vischer, San Francisco, Cal. No. 515 Jackson Street, above Montgomery. EDWARD VISCHER.

The Mammoth Tree Grove Calaveras County, California. And its avenues. Typographical work by Agnew & Deffebach, San Francisco. Consisting of title page & 12 plates with 25 engravings. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1862 by Edward Vischer in the Clerk's Office of the U. S. District Court for the Northern District of Cal. L. Nagel, Print. C. C. Kuchel, Lith. Drawn and published by Edward Vischer, San Francisco, Cal. No. 515 Jackson Street, above Montgomery. San Francisco: Drawn and published by Edward Vischer, 1862. First edition. Third and best issue. Comprising title leaf ["frontispiece"] and 12 plates, 27.5 x 34.5 cm. With the exception of the title leaf, the lithograph views are mounted. Letterpress on plates is in purple ink. Issued in cloth portfolio and in paper envelope, this being one of the latter. The lithograph on front panel of the envelope is identical to that mounted on inside front cover of the cloth portfolio issue; the rear panel is blank. The index sheet mounted on inside rear cover of the cloth portfolio was not included with the copies enclosed in envelopes. Laid in is a single sheet, 34.5 x 56 cm., folded to make four pages. Page [1], "The Mammoth Tree Grove, Calaveras County, California, and its Avenues. Published by Edward Vischer. Introductory Remarks;" pages [2] and [3], "Description of Plates" (description of frontispiece and 12 plates); page [4], "Appendix. Extract From Hutching's [sic] California Magazine, March, 1859." For this enlarged format, the type was reset for index mounted on inside rear cover of portfolio (not present in copies enclosed in envelopes) and for the four-page insert, and the views on plates II and VIII are entirely redrawn. Vischer visited the Calaveras Grove in 1859 and again in 1861. In 1862, following his second visit, a broadside and a portfolio reproducing his sketches by the lithographic process were issued. Lithographic reproduction ceased when the stone upon which the principal views were drawn was broken. As this process had proved unsatisfactory to Vischer, he turned to photography for the reproduction of his sketches. Edward Vischer (1809-1878), a native of Bavaria, settled in California about 1847. He established himself in San Francisco, principally as a commission merchant. Late in life he took up drawing and was soon making sketches wherever he went. According to Francis P. Farquhar, Edward Vischer & His "Pictorial of California" (San Francisco 1932), Vischer "... developed great facility in making a rapid draft of outlines which he would fill in with greater detail at leisure. He could thus make notes for a sketch while stagecoach horses were being changed, or on other such occasions. He used all manner of media-whatever came to hand. Many of his sketches were made on a bond paper. Some were made on an enameled surface paper. The latter was sometimes tinted with varying shades and colors. He would sometimes scratch off the enamel in spots in order to give a white surface, and produce highlight effect. He used pencil and quill pen and sometimes watercolors or crayon and a soft leather blender." Vischer's early work was reproduced by lithography, but the artist found the process unsatisfactory as it did not faithfully render the quality of his drawings. He had his drawings photographed and mounted the prints on cards or in albums, thus achieving flexibility in quantity and variety for his later publications. There is minor foxing to a couple of the mounts, but overall, this is a fine copy. The envelope is worn, frayed and chipped at edges, but is largely intact. A fine example of the rarest state of the third issue. (#152442).

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